Vinyl acetate, also known as Ethenyl acetate, appears as a colorless liquid with a sweet fruity scent. It is precursor to an industrial polymer known as polyvinyl acetate (PVA) which is widely used in several applications.
Vinyl acetate is manufactured through the reaction of ethylene, acetic acid and oxygen with palladium being used as a catalyst.
2 C2H4 + 2 CH3CO2H + O2 → 2 CH3CO2CHCH2 + 2 H2O
Vinyl acetate is used as a key raw material in the manufacturing of polyvinyl acetate (PVA), polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) and vinyl acetate ethylene (VAE) which are widely used in several different industries.
Vinyl acetate is used in the production of polymers and resins used in adhesives, paints, coatings and textile finishes.