Triethylamine is a colorless and very volatile liquid which carries an ammonia-like odor. Its major application is its usage as a base for the production of esters and amides from acyl chlorides.
Triethylamine is manufactured through alkylation of ammonia using ethanol.
NH3 + 3 C2H5OH → N(C2H5)3 + 3 H2O
Triethylamine is used as a catalyst in the manufacturing of polymers such as polyurethane foams and epoxy resins.
Triethylamine is used to produce pesticides such as Triclopyr.
It is used in the production of quaternary ammonium compounds and salts that are used in dyes.