N-Methylaniline, also known as Monomethylaniline, is an organic compound with an aniline derivative. It is soluble in Ethanol, Ether & Carbon Tetrachloride. When it is decomposed in high temperature, N-Methyl aniline emits highly toxic fumes of Nitrogen oxides. N-Methyl aniline has been detected in food stuff such as vegetables, Cheese and orange oil.
N-Methylaniline is manufactured by the reaction of Aniline & Methanol in the presence of Copper-Alumina catalyst. It is also prepared by heating Aniline Chloride and methyl alcohol with under pressure as its operating conditions.
N-Methylaniline is used as an effective fuel additive for the automobiles. It is more advantageous than the conventional fuel additives such as Methyl tertiary butyl ether. It is used as a fuel additive because of capability to increase the Octane number of Gasoline. In Gasoline, N-Methylaniline improves the stability in transportation and storage by reducing tar formations. N-Methylaniline can also be added to a mixture of Naphtha and N-Methylamine metallic derivatives to obtain the premium quality of Gasoline. It also reduces exhaust emissions of Carbon monoxide & hydrocarbons by 20 -30 %.
N-Methylaniline is used as a latent and coupling solvent. It is also used as an intermediate for dyes, agrochemicals and other organic products manufacturing.