Lithium Chloride | Tradeasia International
Free quote

Lithium Chloride

Lithium Chloride Lithium Chloride
IUPAC Name
Lithium Chloride
HS Code
28273910
Formula
LiCl
Appearance
Colorless crystals or white granular powder
Cas No.
7447-41-8
Common Names
Lithiumchloride; Chlorure de lithium
Packaging
- 250kg/drum, 80 drums/20' FCL 20T
- 270kg/drum, 80 drums/20' FCL 21.6T
Category
  • Additives
  • Chemicals
Sub Category
  • Color retainer

Brief Overview

Lithium Chloride is extremely soluble in polar solvents such as water due to the small size of Li+ ion. LiCl form crystalline hydrates, unlike other alkali metal chlorides. The anhydrous salt can be regenerated by heating the hydrates. LiCl also absorbs up to four equivalents of ammonia/mol.

 

Manufacturing Process

There are many ways of manufacturing Lithium Chloride:

Method 1: Lithium chloride may be prepared by reaction of lithium carbonate or lithium hydroxide with hydrochloric acid followed by crystallization:

Li2CO3+ 2HCl → 2LiCl + CO2+ H2O LiOH + HCl → LiCl + H2O

Crystallization above 95°C yields anhydrous salt. Hot solution upon cooling forms crystals of monohydrate, LiCl.H2O.

Method 2: Reaction of lithium ores with chlorides or natural brines.

Chemical Industry:

Mainly used to produce lithium metal by electrolysis of a LiCl/KCl which melts at 450 °C (842 °F)
Also used as a brazing flux for aluminium in automobile parts.
An additive in the Stille reaction in organic synthesis.


Other Applications:

Flame colourant to produce dark, red flames
Preparation of carbon nanotubes, graphene and lithium niobite
The desiccant in dehumidification systems.

Related Products

Check out the following similar chemical products available at the best and competitive price on Chemtrade Asia: