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    Lithium Chloride

    Lithium Chloride in Tradeasia

    IUPAC Name

    Lithium Chloride

    Cas Number


    HS Code






    Basic Info


    Colorless crystals or white granular powder

    Common Names

    Lithiumchloride; Chlorure de lithium


    250kg/drum, 80 drums/20 FCL 20T

    270kg/drum, 80 drums/20 FCL 21.6T

    Brief Overview

    Lithium Chloride is extremely soluble in polar solvents such as water due to the small size of Li+ ion. LiCl form crystalline hydrates, unlike other alkali metal chlorides. The anhydrous salt can be regenerated by heating the hydrates. LiCl also absorbs up to four equivalents of ammonia/mol.


    Manufacturing Process

    There are many ways of manufacturing Lithium Chloride:

    Method 1: Lithium chloride may be prepared by reaction of lithium carbonate or lithium hydroxide with hydrochloric acid followed by crystallization:

    Li2CO3+ 2HCl → 2LiCl + CO2+ H2O LiOH + HCl → LiCl + H2O

    Crystallization above 95°C yields anhydrous salt. Hot solution upon cooling forms crystals of monohydrate, LiCl.H2O.

    Method 2: Reaction of lithium ores with chlorides or natural brines.

    Chemical Industry:

    Mainly used to produce lithium metal by electrolysis of a LiCl/KCl which melts at 450 °C (842 °F)
    Also used as a brazing flux for aluminium in automobile parts.
    An additive in the Stille reaction in organic synthesis.

    Other Applications:

    Flame colourant to produce dark, red flames
    Preparation of carbon nanotubes, graphene and lithium niobite
    The desiccant in dehumidification systems.

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