Egypt’s Urea Fertilizer Reached 3.8 Million Tons Export

Agricultural land

Egypt and its urea fertilizers export in 2020

Nitrogen fertilizer is one of the important export commodities originating from Egypt. It has been reported that in 2020, the amount of urea (nitrogen fertilizer) exported by Egypt reached 3.8 million tons.

With this value, Egypt is the fifth largest urea exporter in the world, said the Minister of Public Enterprise Sector. Producing 7.8 million tons of nitrogen fertilizer annually, it is not surprising that Egypt could achieve that level.

Fertilizers in agriculture

Critical in agriculture, fertilizer is well-known to be used to promote plant or crop growth. Any substance or material added to soil either in solids or liquid form is called fertilizer.

Crops may grow without fertilizer as long as the nitrogen compound that occurred in the soil is sufficient. The exact amount of fertilizer for plants or crops will allow them to grow and produce food faster. 

Harvesting process

Macronutrients and micronutrients in fertilizers

What exactly are the nutrients inside the fertilizer? In short, the nutrients consist of macronutrients and micronutrients. The macronutrients are nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). That’s why a term called NPK fertilizer exists.

These three macronutrients have important roles. As for nitrogen, nitrogen is responsible for metabolism and chlorophyll synthesis in plants. The other macronutrients such as phosphorus are responsible for energy storage and transfer. On the other hand, potassium has a role in water regulation for plants.

Such macronutrients are obtained through chemicals that will be added to crops. Nitrogen, for example, can be obtained through urea sources. Another alternative for nitrogen sources is ammonium nitrate. As for phosphorus and potassium, they can be obtained from rock phosphate and potassium nitrate, respectively.   

Besides macronutrients, micronutrients are also essential for plant growth. Micronutrients such as boron (B), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo), chlorine (Cl), and manganese (Mn) are required in small quantities to complete crops life cycle.

All the micronutrients are contained less than 1% of the dry weight of most plants. With that value in mind, it should be considered to add the micronutrients with a proper amount.

For example, micronutrients such as iron can be obtained through ferrous sulfate or ferric sulfate. Common cases showed that high soil pH, low soil oxygen, and excessive soil moisture can trigger iron deficiency in crops. Those sources of iron—ferrous sulfate or ferric sulfate—addition may help to solve the iron deficiency.

Other metal micronutrients such as zinc and copper may be obtained through zinc sulfate and copper sulfate, respectively. As for the metalloid, boron sources such as borax and boric acid are used. Most of the micronutrients are used to overcome deficiencies in crops depending on what type of micronutrient needs to be added more.


To conclude, the export value of urea fertilizers produced in Egypt shows trends in the global market of agriculture. Agricultural industries are eager to expand their activities by providing urea fertilizer to meet their daily operations.

Fertilizers are not always made from nitrogen or urea, but other types may be made from other macronutrients as well. Macronutrients in fertilizers such as phosphorus and potassium play a major role in energy transfer and water regulation in plants.

To ensure that the number of nutrients in the crops is fully adequate, enough micronutrients should also be added. By adding enough macronutrients and micronutrients, crops are less vulnerable to disease and the crops are more productive.

Tradeasia International as a global urea supplier provides urea in bulk and various types of fertilizer chemicals for market and industry solutions. Get urea and other fertilizer chemicals in bulk with different grades and packaging.


Hurriyet Daily News. (2021, December 29). Turkey’s boron sales hit record of $1 billion.

Daily Sabah with AA. (2021, December 28). Turkey’s boron sales smash record with $1B in 2021: Minister. Daily Sabah.

Christopher J. Sedlacek, Andrew T. Giguere & Petra Pjevac. (2020, May 20). Is Too Much Fertilizer a Problem?

ETiMADEN. (2019, February 25). Boron as the Rising Value of Turkey.

Agricultural Service Laboratory of Clemson University. Micronutrients.

By Muhammad Derry Luthfi Yudhi, Content Support, Tradeasia International

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