An Overview Of Formic Acid

formic acid overview - blog banner

Formic acid (HCO2H), likewise called methanoic acid, is the easiest of the carboxylic acids, utilized in handling materials and leather.

Formic acid was first detached from ants and was named after the Latin Formica, which means underground creepy crawlies and insects.

Formula and Structure of Formic Acid

HCOOH or HCO2H is the chemical formula of formic acid. The molecular formula is CH2O2 and 46.02 g / mol is its molar mass. Below, its chemical structure of formic acid is shown. It contains a single group of carboxylic acids (COOH) bound to an atom of hydrogen.

How Formic acid is Prepared

It is made by the activity of sulfuric acid upon sodium Formate, which is passed on from carbon monoxide and sodium hydroxide.

                                                               H2O                            H2SO4
CO                        +             NaOH      ——–>     HCOONa    ——–>    HCOOH
Carbon monoxide sodium hydroxide, sodium Formate formic acid

Formic Acid Physical Properties

True formic acid is a heavy odor of colorless, smoky fluid that bothers the mucous membranes and wounds the skin. Its freezing point at 47.1 °F i.e 8.4 °C and its boiling point at 213.3 °F i.e 100.7 °C. Formic acid density is 1.22 g/mL.

Formic Acid Chemical Properties

Formic acid is moreover set up as its esters by treatment of carbon monoxide with alcohol, for instance, methanol (methyl alcohol) inside seeing an impetus.

Formic acid is definitely not a customary carboxylic corrosive; it is portrayed by its quality of the corrosive, its failure to frame an anhydride, and its reactivity as a decreasing operator, a property owing to the gathering of CHO, which grants a portion of an aldehyde’s character.

Formic acid methyl and ethyl esters are made commercially. Formal acid is dehydrated from condensed sulfuric acid into carbon monoxide.

Formic Acid Applications

Formic acid is essentially utilized as an additive, antibacterial agent, seasoning/flavoring agent, and in family and mechanical cleaning items. It is likewise utilized in leather tanning, coloring, garment finishing, and elastic creation.

Formic Acid Security hazards/health safety effects

Formic acid is diluted, is not harmful and is used as a food additive. The concentrated acid, however, is destructive and corrosive. Inhalation of the gases can cause mucous membranes to become irritated, whereas blisters or burns can result from skin/eye contact. Swallowing large quantities or prolonged exposure can lead to damage to the kidneys.

Facts need to know about Formic acid

Formic acid often results in some very fascinating effects and interactions, in addition to its functional applications in the agriculture industry and insect defense mechanisms. Among these is its function in the insect-eating animal’s stomach system.

Unlike other animals, the stomach of an anteater does not contain hydrochloric acid, the main chemical used in humans for digestion. The insect-eating (anteater) animal concentrates all the stomach digestive juices it requires from the formic acid found in the ants it eats, because of the high convergence of ants in its eating intake.

In all actuality, formic acid is an exceptionally adaptable and amazingly helpful food-added substance and modern compound and can be extremely dangerous at unnaturally high concentrations.

It is quickly and effectively used by our bodies when ingested at ordinary levels and dispensed in a protected and stable manner. It has been discovered that ingesting very concentrated amounts of formic acid can prompt harm to the kidneys and liver. It is imperative to consider both the utilizations and the risks of this exceptionally adaptable chemical

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *