Turpentine oil with molecular formula C10H16 , is a transparent colorless thin volatile liquid which has a characteristic odor. It is also known as spirits of turpentine and oil of turpentine. It is the main constituent of pine tree obtained by the distillation of resins of living pine tree. The important Pines used for the production of turpentine oil are Longleaf pine and Maritime pine.
Turpentine oil is produced from Pine Tree. The resins are collected, and then it is sent to a factory where it is melted. Further distillation and condensation yield turpentine oil.
Pine Tree -> Sap Collection -> Fresh resins -> Steam boiler to melt resins -> Distillation of resin -> Condensation of volatile compounds -> Turpentine Oil
It is used as a solvent for phosphorus, wax, rubber, sulfur etc. Meanwhile, Turpentine Oil is used as a solvent in oil paints as it maintains the oiliness of the color.
The antiseptic properties in turpentine make it a very good cleaning product to use to get rid of bacteria and germs on many different surfaces.
Turpentine oil is applied to the skin to reduce joint pain, muscle pain, nerve pain and toothaches.
They are also used in, perfumery products, shoe polish, pressure sensitive tapes.